What is happening to the Future of engineering students?
Reports suggest that engineering is the most sought stream after the medical with approx. 6,214 engineering and technology institutions/colleges where around 2.9 million of students enroll every year. This figure suggests that engineering is the best career choice in India. However, the fact remains, most of the engineers are either unemployed or underemployed. Looking at the statistics, we are left with many doubts and concerns – Does India really need so many engineers? If yes, then why do they to remain unemployed or settle for anything less than they deserve? To get more insights into the problem, let us have a look at the factors, which have led to such drastic increase in unemployed engineers in India:
Below par quality education
The core reason where our education system fails is that it gives no emphasis in imparting quality education. Colleges and Universities are mostly concerned with the theoretical concepts and little weight is being given to practical training. Even those who pass out from the colleges are poor with the fundamentals. The knowledge provided in the Universities fails to match with the real life challenges.
Unemployed Engineers are more from Tier II and III Institutions
Another threatening fact for such high alarming rate of unemployed Engineers is a reduction in the hiring number by the major players in the Industry. Due to the higher degree of automation and less dependability on humans, IT industries do not opt for the workforce. Even if they scout for new talent, they prefer reputed Tier I Institutions/colleges to the Tier II and III colleges due to the notion that best knowledge comes from the best institutions.
Most of the unemployed engineers who have failed to grab their choice of a job in the industry end up joining BPOs, call centers or other small jobs to meet the needs of their family. What is grimmer is the fact that they are ready to compromise anything less than they deserve. They are even ready for lower start-up salaries. IT companies are getting good talent at low entry salary then why they will consider for the price hike.
Lack of practical training
There is a wide gap between the theoretical and practical knowledge. Only a percentage of the engineers possess the required skill and practical knowledge to survive in the industry.
The absence of sound infrastructure
Lack of sound engineering colleges and well-qualified professionals reflects a poor state of engineers. The increase in the number of colleges has led to a wider gap in demand and supply ratio.
Lacks required aptitude
There are plenty of job opportunities for the students who have innovative thoughts and energetic minds. Whereas, our education system and orientation program are in such poor state that it leads pupils and their wards in opting a wrong stream not suitable with their level of aptitudes. Parents just enroll their children in the branch, which has offered good job opportunities in the past in contrast with that of the interest of their children. Such practices lead to a high alarming rate of no job satisfaction, low productivity, high level of stress rates, and underemployment.
A few years back, it was difficult to get a seat in reputed engineering colleges. The current situation is different. Students have started losing hope on engineering studies. It is indeed a high time we make some desperate modifications in our education system and orientation programs. Students, Colleges and hiring Companies should join hands and come up with feasible solutions to solve this national problem of unemployed engineers from the roots itself.
The world needs engineers from India who have potential to make it to the top.